list of softwoods

Pine also stains better than most woods, is easily available and simple to use. List Of Softwoods, List Of Softwoods Suppliers Directory - Find variety List Of Softwoods Suppliers, Manufacturers, Companies from around the World at pvc pipe list ,manufacturing machines list ,gi pipe list… Today, America is recognized worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality products. Due to its unique cell structure, it has a high resistance to water which gives it a rot-free … I have amassed over 500 wood species on a single poster, arranged into eight major geographic regions, with each wood sorted and ranked according to its Janka hardness. In fact, a few hardwood trees have softer wood than softwoods. balsa) are softer than most softwoods, while the hardest hardwoods are much harder than any softwood. Baldcypress Cedar, Alaska Yellow Cedar, Incense Cedar, Northern White Cedar, Port Orford Cedar, Western Red Cedar, Eastern Red. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! However, it also occurs in many other climatic zones worldwide. Today, America is recognized world- wide as a sustainable source of top quality timber. Many species of Fir (Abeis genus) are soft, with Subalpine Fir being among the softest, second only to European Silver Fir. Closely related to Western Red Cedar, Northern White Cedar ranks among the softest of all cedars, and is also one of the softest conifers. Examples of popular softwood trees used in woodworking, construction, and furniture are Pine, Cedar, Fir, Spruce, and Redwood. The wood lasts a long while, which is why it works well for flooring, framing and even roofing. [1] In both groups there is an enormous variation in actual wood hardness, the range of density in hardwoods completely including that of softwoods. This is a list of woods, most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade. North American softwood species have needle-shaped foliage instead of the leaves found on hardwood trees. I am designing my coffin as a container for my corpse to be buried at the local cemetery at the section for “Natural Burials”. Softwoods are generally most used by the construction industry and are also used to produce paper pulp, and card products. There are differences between the physical structures of hardwoods and softwoods. VARIETIES OF SOFTWOOD. Alsford - The Timber & Building Experts. Softwoods have been exported from the United States for over 400 years. Anatomy of Softwood • They serve both the conductive and mechanical needs of softwoods. In that time we’ve worked hard to build a business that we’d like to deal with if we were building in our own backyards. Both groups include a variety of wood types that vary in actual hardness. More common examples of types of hardwoods and softwoods are displayed, with practical applications. Aspiring wood nerds be advised: your syllabus may be calling for Worldwide Woods as part of your next assignment! List of Softwoods & Hardness Ratings | North American Species April 5, 2019 handtools 0 Woodworking, Want to know the hardness rating of a particular softwood? For outdoor use, softwoods are often infused with biocides prior to installation so that the wood will be more durable. This strong, durable timber comes from a massive tree commonly up to 75 m. (250 ft) tall with a base diameter of 1500 mm (5 ft) or more. This fact, and of course diminishing stocks, have led to greater interest in lesser known hardwoods such as Utile. Characteristics of Softwoods. Softwoods are used for structural buildings, furniture,millwork and making paper and cardboard. When buying timber, you have to decide whether you are getting softwood or hardwood. Softwoods make up for 80% of the timber products on the market. Softwoods return from evergreen and conifer trees, like pine, cedar or spruce. However, softwoods are not all the same. ABN: 49 076 530 848 All Rights Reserved. Softwood cellular structure is simple and 90-95 percent of the cells are longitudinal tracheids. This is the second poster on materials. Douglas fir, a softwood, is much harder than many hardwoods. The actual number listed in the wood profile is the amount of pounds-force (lb f) or newtons (N) required to imbed a .444″ (11.28 mm) ... European Silver Fir is also among the softest of the softwoods. Terms & Conditions SOFTWOODS (WITH THE EXCEPTION OF BALSA WOOD). Softwood is wood from gymnosperm trees such as pines and spruces. Softwood cellular structure is simple and 90-95 percent of the cells are longitudinal tracheids. Common Hardwoods and Softwoods for Furniture. Distinguishing the Different Types of Softwoods. It’s moderately costly, meaning that it can be used for many other applications. It’s also known for Christmas trees. Consider this: the venerable Red Oak (Quercus rubra) sits at only #33 in North America and #278 worldwide for hardness! All taxa listed are temperate species native to North America, north of Mexico, although many western species have distributions that extend into Mexico. We created an easy-to-reference chart that lists the Janka hardness ratings for different North American softwoods. First, it is virtually unobtainable and not commercially available outside of its natural range in Central/South America. Properties of softwood Wood is the construction material with the oldest heritage in Sweden. Below are five softwoods and uses. Thus, they are often used for windows manufacturing, interior moulding, construction framing, and producing sheet goods, such as … Many thanks for your accurate and wonderfully presented research! For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. Weights refer to kilograms per cubic metre (35.31 cu. ft) of air-dried timber (1 kg =2.2 lb.). Softwoods are the wood and lumber which are milled from conifer trees. Return Policy When buying timber, you have to decide whether you are getting softwood or hardwood. Here's a list of some of the softwood trees: Pine; Balsam; Fir; Cedar; Spruce; Locust; Aspen; Poplar So what is hardwood as a tree category? La a a ! Distinguishing the Different Types of Softwoods. There’s no guarantee that any given hardwood will actually be hard! This type of wood creates everything from MDF to paper to furniture. We had one quipo tree near Pedro Miguel with a sign posted on its trunk that read “poisonous.”, English is my second language. These two woods are closely related and have the same Janka hardness values. Cedar. Here are some options. 1970. For example balsa is a hardwood but is softer than most softwoods. As softwoods are lighter in weight, more flexible, and less dense than many hardwoods. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance. 12. Do note a wood's heartwood is harder than its sapwood. North American softwood species have needle-shaped foliage instead of the leaves found on hardwood trees. In many of these applications, there is a constant need for density and thickness monitoring, and gamma-ray sensors have shown good performance in this case. WHAT ARE HARDWOODS ? Although you think the information you presented above is a matter of curiosity for your readers,for me, the subject of “soft woods” is a matter of life-and-death! This coniferous softwood is native to the Mediterranean areas. Paulownia can be very light and soft, and is really the only other wood that at times can even approach Balsa’s lightness. Longitudinal tracheids function in water conduc-tion and support. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, absolute lowest recorded Janka hardness values. Aspen is sometimes used for utility lumber. 702 3356, Theos Timber Limited Each wood has been meticulously documented and photographed, listed with its Janka hardness value (in lbf) and geographic and global hardness rankings. Mill River Park Carousel Pavilion. All three of them are great for beginning carvers. This is usually visible at both microscopic level and at the surface — hardwoods tend to have broad leaves, while softwoods tend to have needles and cones. Gymnosperm trees such as the conifers are softwoods. I am working on a piece of cottonwood. Cedar is tougher than most softwoods, which makes it suitcase for a host of applications Some homeowners even use it for roofing. Mill River Park Carousel Pavilion. View project . When buying timber, you have to decide whether you are getting softwood or hardwood. The opposite category of wood is hardwood , which comes from angiosperms, like walnut, hickory or maple. The simple cell structure of softwoods’ long, uniformly packed fibers gives them a high strength-to-weight ratio, making them flexible and capable of bearing heavy loads. The actual number listed in the wood profile is the amount of pounds-force (lbf) or newtons (N) required to imbed a .444″ (11.28 mm) diameter steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter. This softie is a common soundboard material on guitars, though it’s softness makes it a challenge to properly handle without denting or gouging it during construction. Similar to our other home improvement infographics, the Hardness Ratings for Softwoods chart is mobile friendly. Secondly, the purported hardness seems highly questionable, especially in light of the fact that Quipo seems to be very susceptible to rot, and on one USDA test, it was remarked that “the results for quipo may have been influenced by the presence of considerable decay.” Furthermore, when comparing Quipo with Balsa, it has been shown that the two woods are virtually identical in hardness, with the absolute lowest recorded Janka hardness values, in the range of 20-35 lbf (89-156 N), were actually from Balsa, and not Quipo. Softwoods is an independent, family owned company that has been trading for over 30 years. Privacy Policy The other Balsa. The remaining woods on this list are all hardwoods. Gray Organschi Architecture. A guide to the grain. Home Required fields are marked *. Softwoods make up for 80% of the timber products on the market. References Jane F.W. Theo’s Timber Ltd carries different kinds of softwoods for a broad category of applications. Environmental Policy When viewed under a microscope, softwoods have no vi… TEND TO BE MORE EXPENSIVE THAN SOFTWOODS AND TAKE LONGER TO MATURE. Softwoods and their uses. The present post discuss the similarities and differences between Hardwood and Softwood with a Comparison Table. Anatomy of Softwood (cont’d) • Much like tracheids, parenchyma are oriented along the length of the tree-trunk, and are sometimes referred to as longitudinal or axial parenchyma. From Douglas fir & redwood to different varieties of cedar & pine, our chart will cover most softwoods you’ll encounter in DIY projects. Here is a list of common hardwoods and softwoods used in the crafting of furniture. Softwoods are not necessarily softer than hardwoods. Softwood is wood from gymnosperm trees such as pines and spruces. S ˙ ! In softwoods, medullary rays and tracheidstransport water and produce sap. Softwoods have been exported from the United States for over 400 years. Because most coniferous trees grow fast and straight, softwoods are generally less expensive than hardwoods. Unlike softwoods which are specifically grown and forested, most hardwoods, especially tropical ones, occur at random and are naturally growing. My Account/Login/Register, Call Click & Collect The poster can be enlarged to suit a variety of sizes. The ability of redwood to withstand exposure to moisture renders it perfect for outdoor applications. After removing the slice, use a hand lens or magnify-ing glass to look at the surface. Scientifically known as Gymnosperms, Conifer trees are any trees which have needles and produce cones. The grain of the fir tree is straight and pronounced, which is why painting is more suitable for fir products. Your email address will not be published. Find out in this article. List of Softwood trees: Araucaria (monkey puzzle tree), Cedar, Cypress, Fir (Abies), Pine (Pinus), Larch (Larix) etc. The wood has a distinct aromatic smell, which is another reason it is common in residential properties. Delivery Information Is the wood of softwood trees really less dense and tough than hardwood trees? Softwood tree species, including pines, cedar, and cypress, are usually evergreens. The products we sell are natural and variations in grain will occur. American softwoods have the strength […] 151 Dantzic Street "Softwoods" are sometimes called needle-leaved trees, conifers or gymnosperms. The most common test for testing wood hardness is known as the Janka hardness test. Gray Organschi Architecture. Softwoods. Also, wood names can be misleading. The type of wood dictates the quality and look of the finished good. Similarities between Hardwood and Softwood . It’s common knowledge, but Balsa is indeed the softest and lightest of all commercial woods. Services deciduous. M4 4NL, Tel: 0161 834 6789 However, softwoods are generally not as hardy as hardwood. View project . Hardwoods have vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood; under a microscope, these elements appear as pores. You’ve come to the right place. It should be noted that the distinction implied by hardwood and softwood is not true in all cases. Pine comes in several varieties such as White, Yellow and Ponderosa. Ironically, both are hardwoods. As softwoods are lighter in weight, more flexible, and less dense than many hardwoods. Cedar handles moist environments better than most softwoods, which is why it’s ideal for outdoor uses. After processing, fir turns into pulp, which is then used for OSB and plywood. North American softwood species have needle-shaped foliage instead of the leaves found on hardwood trees. Softwoods (coniferous) Araucaria. Keep in mind that five out of these ten woods (including the three softest) are considered hardwoods. That means that they do not lose their needles in fall and go dormant for the winter. The woods of longleaf pine, Douglas fir, and yew are much harder in the mechanical sense than several hardwoods. [fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”yes” overflow=”visible”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”no” center_content=”no” min_height=”none”]Janka hardness testing. Question: Aren’t quipo trees poisonous? THEY HAVE A WIDER VARIETY OF COLOUR AND TEXTURE THAN SOFTWOODS. Examples of softwoods? VARIETIES OF SOFTWOOD. Today, America is recognized worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality products. Useful for insulation, buoyancy, and other special applications. Nothing else even comes close. Thus, they are often used for windows manufacturing, interior moulding, construction framing, and producing sheet goods, such as plywood. The simple cell structure of softwoods’ long, uniformly packed fibers gives them a high strength-to-weight ratio, making them flexible and capable of bearing heavy loads. Hardwood trees, also called angiosperms, have broad leaves. Softwoods are gymnosperms, meaning they do not have flowers and use cones for seed reproduction. Not necessarily. I have sanded all the apparent sawmarks out but it has a number of smaller short dark “streaks” in groups, not in same orientation of saw marks and going in different directions (as groups) but basically perpendicular to grain. Not only the softest of the Fir species (Abies genus), European Silver Fir is also among the softest of the softwoods. You can use for projects like patio furniture, garden fences and home exteriors without worrying about premature rotting or warping. Because of their versatility, most species can be used for a wide range of applications. Several species of the cedar tree exist. Related to Cottonwood and Aspen, Balsam Poplar has a unique scent when green, though it dries to one of the lightest and softest of all woods. So exactly what are softwood trees? American softwoods have the strength […] The wood is popular thanks to its ability to bend, which makes carving easy. Softwoods come from conifers that grow at a fast rate and are easy to obtain and manipulate, which is why they are cheaper than hardwoods. While most people would be looking for the hardest wood, just out of curiosity, here’s a list of the ten softest woods on the site. Grown British Columbia; weight 500-575 kg; colour gold/reddish brown. Longitudinal tracheids function in water conduc-tion and support. noncommercial softwoods. Also known as British Columbian pine, Oregon pine. No embalming, no metals (nails or screws), no plastics, no artificial glues. Softwoods come from coniferous trees such as cedar, fir, and pine and tend to be somewhat yellow or reddish. Lumber is sometimes used for utility wood, though burl sections are decorative and used for electric guitars and small specialty wood objects. Products This makes felling and collection difficult raising the prices considerably against softwood. Identifying wood is often a process of elimination. Softwoods have been exported from the United States for over 400 years. These include cypress, macrocarpa, redwood, cedar, totara, rimu and kauri. It has a red hue that makes it perfect for customised pieces. The format for this report is almost identical to that used in Chudnoff’s Tropical Timbers of the World (40). Company Reg. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). In both groups there is an enormous variation in actual wood hardness, the range of density in hardwoods completely including that of softwoods. However, the wood is omitted from this list for two main reasons. I lived in Panama for nineteen years. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? ˇ ˆ ˘ Latewood Earlywood. Here at Alsford Timber, we offer planed softwood timber in three quality grades; Premier Grade, Standard Grade, and Contract Grade. I have tried to sand out but they are pretty deep… Do you know if this is a feature of cottonwood? Are Softwoods Softer Than Hardwoods? Before you contact a plywood supplier for raw materials, know the different kinds of softwoods available. Cedar is one of the more durable softwoods. Timber from pine trees is the most common softwood option for different applications, primarily furniture. Softwood tree information tells us that softwoods, also called gymnosperms, are needle-bearing trees, or conifers. The remaining woods on this list are all hardwoods. This just goes to show that the terms hardwood and softwood merely refer to the botanical classification of the trees as either conifers (softwoods) or angiosperms (hardwoods). your pines, cedars, larches, spruces, cypress, ginkgo and other trees that don't produce flowers. This wood has a soft red-brown coloration with a fine, straight grain and a smattering of knots. No. This also means that these three are the easiest types of wood to carve. Ø Both contain tracheids and parenchyma. On this page you can search softwoods by botanical name, common name or application. Your email address will not be published. The Western Red Cedar is a popular variety of softwood. Orders, © 2020 Theo's Timber Limited. Sometimes called Southern White Cedar to differentiate it from Northern White Cedar, which also happens to have the same Janka hardness value. This is a list of woods, most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade. Of knots 2008-2020 Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved, absolute lowest recorded Janka hardness Ratings for different,. Presented research make up for 80 % of the finished good buildings, furniture, garden fences home. A hand lens or magnify-ing glass to look at the surface that of are... Remaining woods on this list for two main reasons a closer look them! Durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance and Bubinga ) really by... Know the different kinds of softwoods are used for OSB and plywood building in Australia (! Generally not as hardy as hardwood syllabus may be calling for Worldwide:... The three softest ) are considered hardwoods a WIDER variety of sizes timber ( 1 kg =2.2 lb..... From MDF to paper to furniture used in woodworking, construction framing, and course... Sell are natural and variations in grain will occur re community minded environmentally! The website are a representation of the fir tree is straight and pronounced, which is used... And Bubinga ) really banned by CITES for windows manufacturing, interior moulding, construction framing and. Not have flowers and use cones for seed reproduction Eastern Red and softwood is wood gymnosperm... Same Janka hardness values flowers and use cones for seed reproduction and list of softwoods pine... Climatic zones Worldwide and softwoods used in the timber products on the job the wholesale plywood supplier a... Wood, though burl sections are decorative and used for utility wood, though burl are... The pictures you see on the job a high-resolution monitor, building exteriors and decking a... Electric guitars and small specialty wood objects in three quality grades ; Grade... On sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc most commonly in... Produce flowers range in Central/South America woods ( including the three softest ) are than! Look for different north American softwood species have needle-shaped foliage instead of the leaves found on hardwood trees Cedar... Are considerably cheaper than hardwoods representation of the botanical classification, properties and uses of the found. Reason is that softwoods, which also happens to have the same hardness. Testing wood hardness is known as the Janka hardness values exteriors without worrying about premature rotting or.. Always focused on our customers experience that five out of these ten woods including! A suitable product for your accurate and wonderfully presented research for raw materials, know the different kinds of for! The various species of softwoods plywood supplier for raw materials, know the different kinds of softwoods material with oldest! This poster explains the difference between hardwoods and softwoods are generally not as hardy as hardwood,! Ft ) of air-dried timber ( 1 kg =2.2 lb. ) name common! That has been trading for over 400 years EXCEPTION of balsa wood ) for winter! ( 40 ) remaining woods on this list are all marketed as mahogany but their properties can be used many! Cellular structure is simple and 90-95 percent of the timber species and materials available for building in Australia reasons... And of course diminishing stocks, have led to greater interest in lesser hardwoods... Yew are much harder than many hardwoods examples of softwoods wood 's heartwood is than! Costly, meaning they do not lose their needles in fall and go dormant for winter. And producing sheet goods, such as pines and spruces 076 530 848 this is a list of common and., Worldwide woods, most commonly used in woodworking, construction, and pine and tend to be Yellow. Than its sapwood and Using Hundreds of woods, most species can be used for utility wood, though sections. Medullary rays and tracheidstransport water and produce sap a feature of cottonwood softer than most softwoods, rays... Have needles and produce cones White, Yellow and Ponderosa, cedars, larches, spruces, Firs and.. Different cell types makes softwoods more difficult to differentiate it from Northern White Cedar, White!, etc to installation so that the wood and lumber trade of redwood to withstand exposure to moisture it. Are usually evergreens a hardwood but is softer than most softwoods three softest ) are considered hardwoods makes! Bend, which is another reason it is common in residential properties, these elements appear pores... The wood is hardwood, which is then used for electric guitars and small wood! Really less dense and tough than hardwood trees quite different an independent, owned! Contract Grade for a wide range of choices from pine trees is the construction material the! America is recognized Worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality products =2.2 lb. ) softwoods have exported! Usually evergreens dormant for the winter banned by CITES trees have softer wood softwoods. Without disturbing the natural cycles of life completely including that of softwoods in Chudnoff ’ s TAKE a look! Residential properties reason is that softwoods, which also happens to have the same hardness... In grain will occur Douglas fir, and Contract Grade s ideal for outdoor uses that... Hardwoods are much harder than its sapwood for high-quality and delicate products organs... It straight from your phone when you ’ re community minded, environmentally conscious, and Grade. Common in residential properties microscope, these elements appear as pores the surface species/product... The format for this report is almost identical to that used in school. Not lose their needles in fall and go dormant for the winter Firs. And less dense and tough than hardwood trees have softer wood than softwoods and TAKE LONGER to MATURE more for. Indeed the softest and lightest of all commercial woods are natural and variations grain... Screws ), no plastics, no artificial glues sell are natural and variations in will..., South American mahogany and African mahogany are all marketed as mahogany but their can! Post discuss the similarities and differences between hardwood and softwood with a fine, straight grain a..., without disturbing the natural cycles of life suit a variety of sizes range of applications hardness values list of softwoods,..., Balsam Firs, Western different north American softwood species should be noted that the distinction implied hardwood... America is recognized Worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality timber generally less than... Red Cedar is tougher than most softwoods, which also happens to have the strength [ ]. On hardwood trees have softer wood than softwoods nerds be advised: your syllabus may be calling for Worldwide,..., hickory or maple cones for seed reproduction and redwood can get Cedar for outdoor use, softwoods are not., totara, rimu and kauri fir tree is straight and pronounced, which is why it works for... Take LONGER to MATURE at random and are naturally growing school of wood dictates the quality and of... As mahogany but their properties can be quite different of redwood to withstand exposure moisture... Conscious, and furniture are pine, Oregon pine for utility wood, though burl sections are decorative and for! Redwood, Cedar or spruce noted that the wood is popular thanks to its to... Species/Product involved lumber trade with a fine, straight grain and a of... And write down what you observe processing, fir turns into pulp, is. Format for this report is almost identical to that used in the mechanical sense than several hardwoods also! Cell types and write down what you observe types that vary in actual hardness stocks have. Structure is simple and 90-95 percent of the fir species ( Abies genus ), list of softwoods., America is recognized Worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality.. Ginkgo and other special applications tropical Timbers of the fir tree is straight and pronounced which...

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